Artists in the Collection

Milan Milovanović
(Kruševac, 19 October 1876 – Belgrade, 15 August 1946)

The period between 1902 and 1920 was the period when Milan Milovanović was at the height of his creative powers. Individual stylistic units within that period can be linked to his stay in Paris, several visits to Southern Serbia and Macedonia, to Mount Athos in Greece, his time of recovery in Italy and Southern France and a brief stay in Dubrovnik
and at the Montenegrin coast. In his earliest preserved works, one can recognize his interest in light, characteristic of impressionism, which was a consequence of his education with Anton Ažbe (1897) and at the Academy of Fine Arts (Prof. Carl Marr, 1898) in Munich, as well as his studies at the Académie Colarossi and the École Nationale
Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris (1902–1906). Among the paintings from Paris, there are those which were painted in studios with fine brushstrokes in a darker golden-ochre gamut, and other pieces, painted outdoors, in boulevards and parks. These canvases have more light and lighter colours, which are indicative of the characteristics of French impressionism. Still, the final lightening of Milovanović’s palette and his colouristic explosion did not occur until his travels around Serbia and his stay at Mount Athos (1907–1910) and in Italy, as well as in France (1919), when he created works of the highest artistic value, as well as during 1920, when the artist stayed in Dubrovnik and Montenegro.
Milovanović was one of the most significant representatives of impressionist tendencies in Serbia. His paintings from Italy and Southern France, with a good mix of flora, Mediterranean sky and cool white rock with blue shadows, as well as an occasional figure in the landscape, represent the height of Milovanović’s artistic skills. His paintings created around 1920 display an increased closeness to the Neo–impressionist technique and colours. Milovanović did not stop painting after 1920, but those works were far below his capabilities. With the disappearance of his generation from the artistic scene, Milovanović himself lost his foothold and retired from artistic life. As a teacher of art (1912–1933) he educated generations of young artists. He also restored frescoes and painted icons, and occasionally wrote art reviews.