Artists in the Collection

Ignjat Job
(Dubrovnik, 28 March 1895 – Zagreb, 28 April 1936)


Ignjat Job was born in Dubrovnik where he attended elementary and secondary school. His older cousin, Cvijeto (1892–1915), who began his studies in painting (Belgrade, Munich), which were interrupted by the war, where he was killed, had an important influence on his intellectual and artistic formation. In 1917, Ignjat Job moved to Zagreb with
his mother and a younger brother and enrolled in the Arts and Crafts College. He discovered his first affinities which were to influence his later art, and these were El Greco, Goya, Bruegel, Van Gogh and Munch. Due to his irregular attendance of classes he was expelled from the academy in 1920, and at the beginning of December, he went to Italy where he would paint some of his first important paintings. He spent time in Rome, Naples, and Capri and returned to Dubrovnik via Bari, and then to Zagreb, and near the end of the year he went to Belgrade. He met Živka Cvetković, a student of philosophy, whom he married, and in the summer of 1924 they had a daughter, Cvijeta. In the spring of 1925 Job contracted tuberculosis, received treatment during the summer in Ovčar-Kablar gorge, and in the autumn, the
family moved to the village of Kulina in the Morava river basin, near Aleksinac, where Živka accepted a post as a schoolteacher. The paintings from his socalled miniature phase were created, and these were dominated by motifs from Job’s native Mediterranean climes with many details and a developed narrative style. In October 1925, they had a son, Rastko, who soon got ill and died in March 1926. His death left an indelible trace on Job and would haunt him later
on during his severe psychological and emotional crises. Near the end of 1927, the Job family moved to Vodice, near Šibenik, where Živka worked as a schoolteacher, and in the autumn of 1928, she wastransferred to Supetar on the island of Brač, where Job’s most prolific period began. He completely discarded narrative style and placed the focus on the impulsive recording of his own personal feelings, and powerful expression became the main characteristic of his style. In the summer of 1929, he had his firstsolo exhibition in Split (Motifs from Supetar) which was well received by both the audience and the critics. A restless life, full of psychological oscillations, and later marred by advanced tuberculosis, would mark the years to come when he frequently changed his place of residence, but painted intensely. Tormented psychologically as well by tuberculosis, he died on 28 April, 1936 at a clinic in Zagreb.