Artworks in the Collection

Milutin Milanković (1944)

The presence of impressionism in realistic form, as a specific means of expression represented a new style pattern in the national sculpture of the 1940s. The artist articulated this expression of beauty directly while contemplating the model in the process of creation, because his fingers transferred the pulsing of emotions directly into the clay. The pattern of this “return to the real” in Sreten Stojanović is present in a series of psychological portraits, one of which is also the portrait of Milutin Milanković (Dalj 1879 – Belgrade 1958), the world-renowned astronomer and geophysicist, creator of the mathematical theory of cyclic climatic changes on Earth caused by the variation in the sunlight it receives. “Owing to such a vivid impressionistic modelling, the work changes its aspect with every change of the viewing angle, suggesting motion and the fullness of psychological expression and character. As if it were – just remember Rodin – a movement which is not a single frozen posture, but a whole range of different positions, which optically flow into motion. Made up of quivers in the modeled surface, this motion facilitates a full accentuation of a character trait or mental state, and thus receives the convincing quality of life always differently shaded by the phases of light and material, endlessly prolonged,” wrote Miodrag B. Protić. He was also referring to the portraits of Žanka Stokić (1941) and Nikola Vulić (1944). Milanković was a postgraduate and a doctoral candidate at the Vienna University of Technology as the first Serbian doctor of technical sciences (1904), recipient of the golden doctorate in 1954, professor at Belgrade University (from 1909 to his retirement) and academician. Due to his significant scientific achievements, above all in the field of meteorology and climatology, two craters, one on the Moon and one on Mars, and a minor planet have been named after him.

Sreten Stojanović